The Democratic People's Republic of Korea, usually known as North Korea, is a state that occupies the northern half of the Korean peninsula. For much of its short history, North Korea was regarded as a Soviet satellite state. With the fall of the Soviet Union inhowever, North Korea's unique socialism has stood out in the post-Cold War world. Little is known about North Korea in the United States, or in the world for that matter; except for the rare but striking news story about its international terrorism, the nuclear arms threat, and the devastating famine of recent years, nothing substantial is known about North Korea.
Our beliefs about what helps restore us to health can be amazingly powerful. The best answer to this very complex question is to think of culture and religion as being two sides of the same coin — it may not be very useful to struggle with separating them unless you are a theologian or philosopher.
When interacting with patients and their families, religion can be a touchy subject. We also delineate five health events of particular interest in cross-cultural health care, suggesting examples of associated cultural-religious tenets from various faiths. Finally, resources for more specific in-depth cultural-religious information appear at the end of the article.
The need for adequate language interpreters in health care settings is uniformly addressed, but it is also imperative for people to be able to communicate with leaders of their faith community.
These influential figures can help interpret what is happening on a spiritual level during a health crisis for patients and their families.
In Judaism, it is important to know the variations in practice among Orthodox, Conservative, and Reformed traditions. Religious leaders can clarify which tenets cut across the branches of their faith in matters ranging from birth control to life support.
In the Muslim faith, it is considered a taboo topic to talk about death with a patient; a religious leader may be a crucial intermediary in conversations between doctors and second-degree male relatives deciding to whether to immediate family members about a terminal illness.
It is ethically egregious not to be aware of gender-specific rules for patient care that are extremely important in many faith traditions — for example, among Orthodox Jews and Muslims. It may be forbidden to be touched by someone of the opposite gender.
Male Muslims should be examined by men and only female nurses and doctors should examine Muslim women.
Nakedness is anathema to members of some faiths, notably Muslims. Health care situations, including hospitalization, do not lessen this sensitivity, especially for women and elderly people.
Requirements for putting on a hospital gown may be met with opposition. Studies indicate that concerns about modesty contribute to health disparities among certain segments of the population.
Asian women, in particular, if they are very traditional, may often avoid seeking care if a physical examination is necessary. Concerns about dietary restrictions are most important in hospital settings where patients have little control over what they are served. Doctors in private practice settings and clinics need to be aware of how dietary restrictions affect patient compliance and should know to ask, for example, if a Hindu patient is vegetarian.
Some do eat meat, but do NOT eat pork or beef. Eggs may not be allowed. Hindus and Muslims may both observe strict fasting. Mormons follow a dietary code that prohibits tea, coffee, and cola drinks. It is not as important to try to memorize specific dietary rules as it is to understand something about the beliefs driving the rules.People often have their own cultural and religious beliefs that are important to them.
Some people believe that they are going to another life or existence others believe that death is the end of their existence.
Conflict and confusion often surround the application of religious beliefs to end of life decisions. A staff member with appropriate seniority should also discuss this matter with the family to ensure the relevant cultural and religious needs are respected.
Ask those representing the religious views of the patient to explain their views. INTRODUCTION. Spirituality is a fundamental element of human experience. It encompasses the individual’s search for meaning and purpose in life and the experience of the transcendent .Spirituality also encompasses the connections one makes with others, his or herself, nature, and to the sacred realms, inside as well as outside of traditional religion .
Explain how the beliefs, religion and culture of individuals and key people influence end-of-life care.
Explain why key people may have a distinctive role in an individual’s end-of-life care. Ian Anderson Program in End-of-Life Care Module 8 Culture 2 Health care workers’ religious/cultural background is likely to influence social structures, values and beliefs about which individuals often are not conscious.
Unless the health care worker dealing with end of life identifies and adapts to these factors, our efforts to. Explain how the beliefs, religion and culture of individuals and key people influence end of life care. Social perspectives A persons social perspective is influenced by a number of different social factors.