Her brother Patrick Branwell was born inand her sisters Emily and Anne in and The following year Maria and Elizabeth, the two eldest daughters, became ill, left the school and died: Charlotte and Emily, understandably, were brought home.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Arthur Bell Nicholls, pseudonym Currer Bell, born April 21,Thornton, Yorkshire, Charlotte bronte March 31,Haworth, YorkshireEnglish novelist noted for Jane Eyrea strong narrative of a woman in conflict with her natural desires and social condition.
The novel gave new truthfulness to Victorian fiction. She later wrote Shirley and Villette Irish-born, he had changed his name from the more commonplace Brunty.
Their upbringing was aided by an aunt, Elizabeth Branwell, who left her native Cornwall and took up residence with the family at Haworth.
The fees were low, the food unattractive, and the discipline harsh. Charlotte condemned the school perhaps exaggeratedly long years afterward in Jane Eyre, under the thin disguise of Lowood Institution, and its principal, the Reverend William Carus Wilson, has been accepted as the counterpart of Mister Brocklehurst in the novel.
In she went home to teach her sisters but in returned to Roe Head as a teacher. Branwell, moreover, was to start on his career as an artist, and it became necessary to supplement the family resources.
The work, with its inevitable restrictions, was uncongenial to Charlotte. She fell into ill health and melancholia and in the summer of terminated her engagement.
He went from job to job and took refuge in alcohol and opium. Meanwhile, his sisters had planned to open a school together, which their aunt agreed to finance, and in February Charlotte and Emily went to Brussels as pupils to improve their qualifications in French and acquire some German.
After a brief trip home upon the death of her aunt, Charlotte returned to Brussels as a pupil-teacher. She stayed there during but was lonely and depressed.
His was the most-interesting mind she had yet met, and he had perceived and evoked her latent talents. His strong and eccentric personality appealed both to her sense of humour and to her affections.
She offered him an innocent but ardent devotion, but he tried to repress her emotions. The letters she wrote to him after her return may well be called love letters. When, however, he suggested that they were open to misapprehension, she stopped writing and applied herself, in silence, to disciplining her feelings.
She received a strict literary training, became aware of the resources of her own nature, and gathered material that served her, in various shapes, for all her novels. Prospectuses were issued, but no pupils were attracted to distant Haworth.
In the autumn of Charlotte came across some poems by Emily, and that discovery led to the publication of a joint volume of Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bellor Charlotte, Emily, and Anne; the pseudonyms were assumed to preserve secrecy and avoid the special treatment that they believed reviewers accorded to women.
The book was issued at their own expense. It received few reviews and only two copies were sold. Nevertheless, a way had opened to them, and they were already trying to place the three novels they had written. Charlotte failed to place The Professor: A Tale but had, however, nearly finished Jane Eyre: An Autobiography, begun in August in Manchesterwhere she was staying with her father, who had gone there for an eye operation.
When Smith, Elder and Company, declining The Professor, declared themselves willing to consider a three-volume novel with more action and excitement in it, she completed and submitted it at once. Jane Eyre was accepted, published less than eight weeks later on October 16,and had an immediate success, far greater than that of the books that her sisters published the same year.
The months that followed were tragic ones. A Tale in the empty parsonage, and it appeared in October. In the following years Charlotte went three times to London as the guest of her publisher; there she met the novelist William Makepeace Thackeray and sat for her portrait by George Richmond.
She stayed in with the writer Harriet Martineau and also visited her future biographer, Elizabeth Gaskellin Manchester and entertained her at Haworth. Villette was published in January Meanwhile, inshe had declined a third offer of marriage, that time from James Taylora member of Smith, Elder and Company.
They spent their honeymoon in Ireland and then returned to Haworth, where her husband had pledged himself to continue as curate to her father.
She began another book, Emma, of which some pages remain. Her pregnancy, however, was accompanied by exhausting sickness, and she died in Rochesterthe Byronic and enigmatic employer with whom she falls in love. Her love is reciprocatedbut on the wedding morning it comes out that Rochester is already married and keeps his mad and depraved wife in the attics of his mansion.
Jane leaves him, suffers hardship, and finds work as a village schoolmistress. When Jane learns, however, that Rochester has been maimed and blinded while trying vainly to rescue his wife from the burning house that she herself had set afire, Jane seeks him out and marries him.Patrick Brontë (17 March – 7 June ), was born in Loughbrickland, County Down, Ireland, of a family of farm workers of moderate means.
His birth name was Patrick Prunty or Brunty. His mother Alice McClory, was of the Roman Catholic faith, whilst his father Hugh was a Protestant, and Patrick was brought up in his father's faith.
Charlotte Brontë, married name Mrs. Arthur Bell Nicholls, pseudonym Currer Bell, (born April 21, , Thornton, Yorkshire, England—died March 31, , Haworth, Yorkshire), English novelist noted for Jane Eyre (), a strong narrative of a woman in conflict with her natural desires and social condition.
The novel gave new truthfulness to Victorian fiction. Charlotte Brontë famously lived her entire life in an isolated parsonage on a remote English moor with a demanding father and with siblings whose astonishing creativity was a closely held secret.
harlotte Brontë was born in , the third daughter of the Rev. Patrick Brontë and his wife Maria. Her brother Patrick Branwell was born in , and her sisters Emily and Anne in and An index of monologues by Charlotte Brontë.
Jane Eyre. dramatic monologue for a woman. Jane Eyre. dramatic monologue for a man. The website of the Bronte Parsonage Museum and Bronte Society, Whats on at the Bronte Parsonage Museum Haworth West Yorkshire and What events are being run by the Bronte Society in the UK, Bronte Society and Bronte Parsonage News releases, Description of online services.