It is a story within a story, couched in symbolism. It brings to light the power of myth and its significance in shaping our lives and civilization.
A N Upadhye The quest for the Higher on an intellectual or metaphysical plane has been all along, in India, the privilege or province of some outstanding individual Jainism short essays on jain philosophy individuals, while the mass of the population, generally steeped in ignorance and poverty, was devoted to crude deification and ancestor-worship.
The power of a religious leader lay in his ability to win over to his creed the people around him. In India there have been two types of religious leaders: The priest was a champion of retualism.
This is the line of thought of the Vedic religion and its custodians.
It came into India from outside, from the North-West. And, thanks to the mesmeric power exerted by elaborate ritual, it gradually spread towards the East the and the South, catching handfuls of followers here and there.
As distinguished from this, in the East, along the fertile banks of the Ganges and the Jumna, there flourished in India a succession of ascetic teachers, who, hailing from rich families, had enough leisure for high thinking and religious meditation.
For them, the spirit in man, and also in all animate beings, was the focus of religious meditation as well as an object of investigation in relation to all that is inanimate in the universe. This brought them fact to face with the problem of life here and elsewhere, since both spirit and matter were real for them-real, and therefore essentially eternal, though passing through the flux of change.
Life here and hereafter was the result of the beginningless connection between spirit and matter, which was the source of all the misery in this world; and the aim of religion was to separate matter from spirit, so that the latter might achieve a state of liberation in which it would exist in a plenitude of purity, bliss and knowledge.
Man is his own master; his thoughts, words and acts have made him, and continue to make him, what he is; it is in his hands to make or mar his present or future; the great teachers of the past are his ideals to inspire him along the path of religion; and he has to struggle, with hope, on the well-trodden path of spiritual progress, following a code of moral and ascetic discipline, till he reaches the goal of spiritual Emancipation or perfection.
Thus it will be seen that here, in the Eastern stream of religious thought, there is no place either for a Deity who shapes the universe and meddles in its matters, of for a priest invested with mysterious powers to propitiate Him.
With the political freedom of our land, there is great enthusiasm all over the country, particularly patent and eloquent among the educated classes who have started revaluing the ancient Indian heritage in a new perspective. It is in the fitness of things that great personalities like Mahavira and Buddha are remembered with reverence in this context.
I have often wondered how these great teachers, whose preachings have such an abiding human appeal, could have been somewhat neglected for some time in the very land which they enriched and elevated in its moral stature. It is, however, a happy augury that their greatness is being appreciated to-day all the more.
As usual, it is an irony with us, that Western scholarship has to make us aware of the greatness of our men and matters. Very valuable work in the fields of Jaina and Buddhist literatures as done by Western savants; and to-day, we are in a position to appreciate the greatness of Mahavira and Buddha, better than we could do in earlier days.
As a sign of the new spirit, the th Parinirvana Day of Buddha is being celebrated this year; besides, the Jayanti days of Mahavira and Buddha are celebrated all over the country every year now.
Today happens to be the Mahavira Jayanti day. And it is but natural that I should address you in detail on the personality of and principles preached by Mahavira. Mahavira was a contemporary of Buddha, and he stands as the 24th Tirthankara whose preachings fully breathe the spirit of what I have called Eastern stream of thought in India.
All that Mahavira and his predecessors have preached goes under the name of Jainism to-day, but that should not come in the way of our appreciating and putting into practice the great principles preached by Mahavira which stand to-day embedded and elaborately interpreted in Jaina literature in different languages.
Those of you who have visited Bihar can testify to the fertility of that part of India; but more than that, in the history of Indian thought and culture Bihar has played an important role. The great champions of Atma philosophy like Buddha, Janaka and Mahavira hail from this part.
It is Mithila in Bihar that has made substantial contributions to Mimamsa, Nyaya and Vaisesika systems. Some years ago, Vaishali modern Basarh, some 30 miles to the north of Patna was a prosperous capital.
A suburb of it was called Kundapura or Kshatriyakunda; and here in the palace of King Sidhartha of his queen Trishala or Priyakarini Mahavira was born to emphasize his various outstanding traits, he was also known as Jnata-putra, Vaisaliya, Vardhamana, Sanmati, etc.
His mother belonged to the family of Chetaka, the mighty Licchavi ruler of Videha at whose call Licchavis and Mallas co-operated both for defense and offence.
Tradition is not unanimous about his marriage: As a prince, having excellent connections with ruling dynasties of his times, it was expected of him to rule with authority and enjoy the pleasures of a prosperous carrier after his father.There are many similarities and many differences between Buddhism and Jainism.
To begin, we will start by discussing the similarities in both. In Jainism and Fair Use Policy; Philosophy Essay Writing Service Essays More Philosophy Essays. Essays; Philosophy; We can help with your essay Find out more.
Safe & Trusted. Your UKEssays. Ahinsa is the underlying philosophy of Jainism. Jains perform their sacred rituals at the temple or Derasar. The biggest event in the Jain calendar is the holy week ( days) of Paryushan where Jains reflect upon their actions throughout the past year.
/5(2). The Life of Pi is a complex story. It is a story within a story, couched in symbolism. It brings to light the power of myth and its significance in shaping our lives and civilization.
The ultimate message of the movie or the story, as I understood, is that people do not appreciate straight-line. Essay on Jainism in India. Article shared by: The Jain philosophy centres round the philosophy of dual existence of soul and matter.
In other words human personality comprised of material and spiritual matter. essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please. A collection of essays on the work of Ken Wilber, written by several authors.
Jainism Vardhaman Mahavir, the 24th and last Tirthankara (saint with divine power), was the founder of Jainism who first preached it in the sixth century B.
C. Born to a Kshatriya chieftain at Short Essay for School Students on Buddhism and Jainism.