Sociology ch 18 Define collective action.
The family is a social institution, found in all societies, that unites individuals into cooperative groups that oversee the bearing and raising of children. Families are structured around kinship, a social bond, based on blood, marriage, or adoption, that joins individuals into families. The family unit consists of a social group of two or more people, related by blood, marriage, or adoption, who usually live together.
The family of procreation is a family in which people have or adopt children of their own. In most societies, families are formed by marriage, a legally-sanctioned relationship involving economic cooperation as well as normative sexual activity and childbearing, that people expect to be enduring.
In practice, the definition of a family is becoming more inclusive, with many people accepting the concept of families of affinity, people with or without legal or blood ties who feel they belong together and who want to define themselves as a family. The extended family is a family unit including parents, children, and also other kin.
It is also called the consanguine family. Industrialization tends to promote the decline of the extended family and the rise of the nuclear or conjugal family, a family unit composed of one or two parents and their children.
A Report from Sweden. David Popenoe argues that one drawback of an expanding welfare state is that the family unit weakens. Endogamy is marriage between people of the same social category.
Exogamy is marriage between people of different social categories. Industrial societies favor monogamy, a form of marriage involving only two part ners.
Most preindustrial cultures allow polygamy, a type of marriage uniting three or more people. Polygyny is a type of marriage uniting one male to two or more females. Polyandry is a type of marriage joining one female with two or more males.
Marital Forms in Global Perspective. Patrilocality is a residential pattern by which a married couple lives with or near the husband's family. More common in industrial societies, neolocality is a residential pattern in which a married couple lives apart from both sets of parents.
Descent refers to the system by which members of a society trace kinship over generations. Patrilineal descent is a system tracing kinship through males. Matrilineal descent is a system tracing kinship through females. Industrial societies with greater gender equality usually display bilateral descent, a system tracing kinship through both men and women.
Virtually all family systems worldwide are patriarchies. Theoretical Analysis of the Family. Functions of the family: Regulation of sexual activity through the incest taboo, a cultural norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between certain kin.
Material and emotional security. This approach demonstrates why society depends on the families.Start studying Sociology, Chapter 18, Collective Action, Social Movements, and Social Change. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other.
Collective Behavior 4.
Social Movements After reading this chapter, you will be able to illustrate the three social processes that contribute to social change. discuss how technology, population, nat- Chapter Overview Visit the Sociology and YouWeb site at. The influence of our social environment in all of these respects is the fundamental understanding that sociology —the scientific study of social behavior and social institutions—aims to present.
At the heart of sociology is the sociological perspective, the view that our social backgrounds End-of-Chapter Material; Chapter Start studying Intro to Sociology Ch.
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on StudyBlue. Sociology ; Simpson; Chapter 13 - 18 Test; Chapter 13 T/F Politics is the social institution through which power is acquired and exercised by certain individuals or groups. TRUE. Health and Medicine in International Perspective.
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