The case against corporal punishment in the united states

Corporal punishment illegal in schools only Corporal punishment not illegal Legality of corporal punishment of minors in Europe Corporal punishment illegal in both schools and the home Corporal punishment illegal in schools only Corporal punishment legal in schools and in the home Traditionally, corporal punishment of minor children is legal unless it is explicitly outlawed. The defence is ultimately derived from English law. According to Gershoff, the intent of such bans on corporal punishment is not typically to prosecute parents, but to set a higher social standard for caregiving of children.

The case against corporal punishment in the united states

Texas The prevalence of school corporal punishment has decreased since the s, declining from 4 percent of the total number of children in schools in to less than 1 percent in This reduction is partially explained by the increasing number of states banning corporal punishment from public schools between and In the school year, federal statistics estimated thatchildren were disciplined with corporal punishment at school at least once.

In the school year, this number was reduced toinstances. Approximately 14 percent of the schools in those 19 states reported the use of corporal punishment, and 1 in 8 students attended schools that use this practice.

The Human Rights Watch conducted a series of interviews with paddled students and teachers in Mississippi and Texas and found that most of school corporal punishment was for minor infractions, such as violating the dress code, being tardy, talking in class, running in the hallway and going to the bathroom without permission.

Today, boys are more likely than girls to be physically punished in schools, and this disparity has persisted for decades. Boys have been found to be two times as likely as girls to be disciplined for misbehavior in school, but they are four times as likely to be disciplined using corporal punishment.

While black boys are 1. In contrast, Hispanic students are less likely than white students to receive corporal punishment.

One study found that African-American students were more likely than either white or Hispanic students to be physically punished, by 2.

In other southeastern states -Florida, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana and Tennessee- black children were more than 3 times more likely to receive corporal punishment than white children. A review of over 4, discipline events in Florida from across nine schools revealed that, although Black students constituted 22 percent of school enrollment, they accounted for over 50 percent of all cases of corporal punishment.

According to a study by the American Psychological Association, these imbalances are not due to a higher likelihood of misbehaving by children of one race over another, or the socio-economic status of the children.

However, in some school districts among Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee, children with disability status are 5 times more likely to be subject of corporal punishment than peers without disabilities.

There are correlational studies that linked the use of corporal punishment in schools with detrimental physical and psychological effects on children, and also provide evidence about its long-term effects.

This perceived discrimination has been related with lower self-esteem, lower positive mood, higher depression and anxiety. Students who are not exposed to school corporal punishment exhibit better results on the ACT test compared to students in states that allow disciplinary corporal punishment in schools.

Improvement trend among the years also differ, in the last 18 years 66 percent non-paddling states have above average rates of improvement, while 50 percent of spanking states were above the national trend of improvement. This leaves students more vulnerable to physical and psychological injury.

A previous bill "to deny funds to educational programs that allow corporal punishment" [53] was introduced into the U. House of Representatives in by Representative Major Owens.

A new bill, the Ending Corporal Punishment in Schools Act of HR would prohibit all corporal punishment, defined as "paddling, spanking, or other forms of physical punishment, however light, imposed upon a student", the petition was closed.

In articulating their opposition, they cite the disproportionate use of corporal punishment on Black students in the US: The NASSP notes that the use of corporal punishment in schools is inconsistent with laws regarding child abuse as well as policies toward "racial, economic, and gender equity", asserting that "Fear of pain or embarrassment has no place" in the process of education.

The NASSP recommends a range of alternatives to corporal punishment, including "appropriate instruction", "behavioral contracts", " positive reinforcement ", and "individual and group counseling" where necessary.

In North Carolina, teachers can use a 2-foot long paddle to discipline children, which, in some cases, is more than half the height of an elementary school-aged child. Often students accept a physical punishment as a way to erase the record of the infraction.

In March the mother of Wylie Greer, a senior year student, has published a Tweet that become viral, she reported that during national gun control student walkout, his son with two other students walked out of class in Greenbrier High School, Arkansas.

The same day the Assistant principal Mr Brett Meek informed Wylie of the consequences, two days of suspension or two "swats" with a wooden paddle. Wylie chose the corporal punishment. During a nationwide protest in favor of a more strict gun control, Wylie described the experience more humiliating than painful, but he reported that Mr Meek warned him that it was a particularly light punishment, somehow to avoid further bad publicity to the school.

Akansas is one of the states where even senior students above 18 year old, can be paddled in school.

The case against corporal punishment in the united states

In case Ayers v Wells where Mr Ayers, Assistant principal in Etowah middle school in Alabama, is accused of excessive use of force during paddling incident injudge William Ogletree refused to dismiss the charges of child abuse against Mr Ayers and argued that immunity laws cannot be an excuse for using disproportionate force during punishments, raising for the first time a legal limit to immunity laws and school corporal punishments in Alabama.

In September The Georgia School of Innovation and the Classics in Georgia, sparkled controversy when the superintendent Jody Boulineau, reintroduced corporal punishments asking consent from parents. Sign of a mentality change, only one third of the parents agreed.

Mr Boulineau in a interview to CBS said that he was really surprised of the outrage from some parents, at the same time the rate of the school went down 2 points in Google review and several parents posted online the willing to find school alternatives as they fear for their children safety.Corporal Punishment: Legal and Common Though on the downswing in the United States, physical discipline is still common in homes and schools and spanking, in particular, is widely supported.

Sep 14,  · Adrian Peterson case reignites corporal punishment debate. The case against Minnesota Vikings Corporal punishment, which the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child defines as.

Although support for corporal punishment of children remains widespread in the United States, there is a substantial body of research from psychology and its allied disciplines indicating corporal punishment is ineffective as a disciplinary practice and can have unintended negative effects on children.

Breaking the Paddle: Ending School Corporal Punishment [Nadine A. Block] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Bend over and take your whacks, is heard each day by over l, school children in the United States.

The case against corporal punishment in the united states

Almost half of US states permit educators to hit children with contoured boards called paddles for breaking school rules. School corporal punishment refers to causing deliberate pain or discomfort in response to undesired behaviour by students in schools.

It often involves striking the student either across the buttocks or on the hands, with an implement such as a rattan cane, wooden paddle, slipper, leather strap or wooden yardstick.

Less commonly, it could also include spanking or smacking the student with the. Georgia School Paddling Case Highlights Continued Use of Corporal Punishment who heads the Crimes against Children Research Center and Family Research Laboratory at the University of New.

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