BiologyScience Topic: The creator has made the provision of only one food from the human body and that is breast milk.
Characteristics of the 24 studies included for review on the effect breastfeeding education and promotion, and support from health personnel and families on exclusive breastfeeding practice. The studies included in this review had different sites for subject recruitment.
Studies carried out in rural areas mostly recruited eligible subjects among mothers who visited the Primary Health Care PHC for any reasons 9 out of 13 studies in rural settings.
Only four studies carried out in rural settings recruited subjects from the community where the lists of potential subjects were obtained from posyandu Pos Pelayanan Terpadu or Integrated service post.
Posyandu is a monthly clinic for children and pregnant women at the village level, providing vaccinations and nutritional supplements [ 15 ]. On the other hand, studies conducted in urban areas recruited subjects from different sites, such as the PHC, community, and even from the workplace.
The smallest was 7. Central Java province is considered as one of the most welldeveloped areas in the country, while West Sumatra province is likely to be categorized as medium-high developed area. In general, the percentage of mothers practicing EBF was reported to be higher in urban settings than in rural areas mean percentage of We also differentiated the results by regions, comparing findings from studies conducted in and outside Java Island.
It is also where the capitol city is located.
We found that studies that were done outside of Java Island reported relatively lower rates of mothers practicing EBF, especially those carried out in rural areas. In the urban areas, the percentage was Factors that potentially facilitate exclusive breastfeeding practice Factors that potentially facilitate EBF practice among mothers with infants aged older than six months were: The results presented here were based on a review of each of the factors mentioned above.
Mothers being exposed to EBF information: Only seven studies evaluated the effects of mothers being exposed to EBF information from all sources, i. Four of the studies were carried out in the rural area while three studies were in the urban setting.
The percentages of mothers exposed to EBF information ranged from The percentages were not far different between rural and urban settings.
The R-square of the regression was only 0. Correlations between percentage of mothers practicing EBF and different exposures, i. On the other hand, the results seen at the individual study level did not show a similar pattern as the result based on regression analysis above.
The results showed an increased chance of mothers practicing EBF among those who were exposed to EBF information, but there was one study that had an OR of 0. When stratified by the location where the study subjects were recruited, we found that there was only one study done in a workplace setting.
Three studies were done in a health facility primary health centerof which only one showed a significant association between exposure to EBF information and EBF practice [ 16 ].
Three other studies were done in community settings, all of which showed a significant association between the exposure to EBF information and EBF practice. Mothers receiving support from family and peers to practice EBF: Regression of the two percentages indicated a positive relationship between mother receiving family and peer support for EBF and EBF practice.
The R-square of the regression was 0. Most of the studies demonstrated ORs that indicated significant positive associations between the support and the practice of EBF, ranging from 2. There were several studies that showed no effect or non-significant weaker effects, which were mostly indicated by studies carried out in urban sites.
These study results revealed that there was a stronger effect of support from family and peers for EBF in rural settings than in urban areas.
The associations mentioned above were also evaluated based on the location where the participants were recruited, i. There was only one study done in the workplace, which was not surprisingly located in an urban area.Jul 31, · Exclusive breastfeeding – that is the infant only receives breast milk without any additional food or drink, not even water Breastfeeding on demand – .
Strategies to Promote Six Months of Exclusive Breastfeeding: A Review of Theses and Undergraduate Theses of Faculty of Public Health, University of Indones. Thesis statement: Research shows that breastfeeding is the best choice over formula because breastfeeding provides the infant with essential nutrients, helps with recovery from childbirth, and protects the infant against a number of chronic conditions.
University of Kentucky UKnowledge Theses and Dissertations--Nursing College of Nursing THE FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE DURATION OF EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING: A MIXED METHODS. Main Points According to the American Dietetic Association, “exclusive breastfeeding provides optimal nutrition and health protection for the first 6 months of life and breastfeeding with complementary foods from 6 months until at least 12 months of age is the ideal feeding pattern for infants.”1 Breastfeeding has many benefits to mother.
Research on Breastfeeding & Breast Milk at the NICHD Share. Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest This page is no longer being updated. Research on Breastfeeding & Breast Milk at the NICHD. NICHD Research Helps Define Benefits of and Inform Practices for Breastfeeding Exclusive breastfeeding reduces respiratory- and diarrhea-related deaths.